The symptoms and signs of skin cancer vary depending on the type of skin cancer.
Don’t forget the ABCDE’s of cancer identification: asymmetry, border irregularity, color, diameter, evolution.
Ultraviolet light exposure from sunlight or tanning beds is the most common cause of skin cancer. Skin cancer can also develop following immunosuppression or impairment, exposure to high levels of radiation, and/or contact with certain chemicals such as arsenic and hydrocarbons. People with fair skin, light hair, and blue or green eyes have a higher risk of developing skin cancer. People with genetic pigmentation disorders are also at a higher risk. Also, people who have already had skin cancer are significantly more likely to experience it again and those with a family history of skin cancer.
If you and the doctor suspect skin cancer, the doctor will perform a biopsy, where a small sample of cells is removed and screened for cancerous cells. If cancer is present, the doctor will remove the cancerous growth and a small amount of the surrounding healthy tissue to ensure all of the cancerous cells are removed. If you have a skin cancer tumor removed, you should have screening appointments every six months to monitor your body for any new growths.
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